Maven conjures Docker images
Maven conjures Docker images

Having a Docker image of your software projects may make things easier for you, but will for sure lower the barrier for users to use your tools — at least in many cases ;-)

I am developing many tools in Java using Maven to manage dependencies. Thus, I’ve been looking for means to generate corresponding Docker files using the very same build management. There are already a few approaches to build Docker images through Maven, e.g. alexec’s docker-maven-plugin, and fabric8io’s docker-maven-pluginand so on — just to name a few. However, all theses solutions seem super-heavy and they require learning new syntax and stuff, while it is so easy and doesn’t require any third party plugins.

Build Docker images using maven-antrun

Maven’s antrun plugin allows for execution of external commands. That means, you just need to maintain a proper Dockerfile along with your sources and after building the tool with maven you can call the docker-build command to create a Docker image of the current version of your tool.

I did that for a Java web application. The Dockerfile is stored as a resource in src/main/docker/Dockerfile is actually very simple:

FROM tomcat:8-jre8
MAINTAINER martin scharm

# remove the default tomcat application
RUN rm -rf /usr/local/tomcat/webapps/ROOT /usr/local/tomcat/webapps/ROOT.war

# add the BiVeS-WebApp as the new default web app
COPY BiVeS-WS-${project.version}.war /usr/local/tomcat/webapps/ROOT.war

Using Maven we can make sure (i) that the Dockerfile is copied next to the compiled and packaged tool in the target directory, (ii) that the placeholder ${project.version} in the Dockerfile is replaced with the current version of your tool, and (iii) that the docker-build command is invoked.

Copy the Dockerfile to the right place

Maven’s resources-plugin is ideally suited to deal with resources. To copy all Docker related resources to the target directory you can use the following snippet:

<plugin>
    <artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <id>copy-resources</id>
            <phase>validate</phase>
            <goals>
                <goal>copy-resources</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
                <outputDirectory>${basedir}/target</outputDirectory>
                <resources>
                    <resource>
                        <directory>src/main/docker</directory>
                        <filtering>true</filtering>
                    </resource>
                </resources>
            </configuration>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

In addition, the <filtering>true</filtering> part also makes sure to replace all Maven-related placeholders, just like the ${project.version} that we’ve been using. Thus, this solves (i) and (ii) and after the validate phase we’ll have a proper target/Dockerfile.

Build a Docker image

Using Maven’s antrun-plugin we can call the docker tool:

<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-antrun-plugin</artifactId>
<version>1.6</version>
<executions>
  <execution>
      <phase>deploy</phase>
      <configuration>
          <target>
              <exec executable="docker">
                  <arg value="build"/>
                  <arg value="-t"/>
                  <arg value="binfalse/bives-webapp:${project.version}"/>
                  <arg value="target"/>
              </exec>
          </target>
      </configuration>
      <goals>
          <goal>run</goal>
      </goals>
  </execution>
</executions>
</plugin>

This executes a command like

docker build -t binfalse/bives-webapp:1.6.2 target

after the deploy phase. Thus, it builds a docker image tagged with the current version of your tool. The build’s context is target, so it will use the target/Dockerfile which COPYs the new version of your tool into the image.

Automatically build images using a Maven profile

I created a docker profile in Maven’s configuration file that is active per default if there is a src/main/docker/Dockerfile in your repository:

<profile>
    <id>docker</id>
    <activation>
        <file>
            <exists>src/main/docker/Dockerfile</exists>
        </file>
    </activation>
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>
                <!-- ... see above ... -->
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-antrun-plugin</artifactId>
                <!-- ... see above ... -->
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</profile>

Bonus: Also push the new image to the Docker Hub

To also push the image you need to execute the push command:

docker push binfalse/bives-webapp:1.6.2

And due to the latest-confusion of Docker you also should create the latest-alias and also push that:

docker tag -f binfalse/bives-webapp:1.6.2 binfalse/bives-webapp:latest
docker push binfalse/bives-webapp:latest

However, both is easy. Just append a few more exec calls in the antrun-plugin! The final pom.xml snippet can be found on GitHub.

Supplement

The image for this article was derived from Wikipedia’s Apache Logo and Wikipedia’s Docker logo, licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.


Martin Scharm

stuff. just for the records.


Post a comment

read more about submitting comments